Coronary heart disease is one of the most common causes of elderly death. It is understandable that when a person ages, the cardiovascular system go through changes as well. These expected changes can affect the general health of the elder people. There are several risk factors why elderly can develop the disease as they age. Lifestyle also plays an important role why they develop this fatal disease.
Causes and risk factors
Older people are prone to sickness because of their age and reduced immunity to fight disease. It is the reason why they are at high risk of developing heart disease as they age. When a person ages, changes in physical, mental, psychological and emotional aspects are inevitable. The risk factors for younger people to develop cardiovascular disease are the same with that of the elderly. Among the common risk factors include tobacco use, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, physical inactivity, menopause, psychosocial stress, obesity, sleep apnea, family history among others. If one has an existing condition mentioned, the higher the chances of developing cardiovascular disease later in life. Gender is another factor and men are more at risk than women in suffering the disease.
Symptoms and manifestations
Symptoms and manifestations of the heart disease among elderly involve other signs of different ailments. Acute symptoms include lethargy and confusion. Being activity intolerant is also common. Older peoples tend to feel restless and overall fatigue which can also result in losing weight. The elderly will also experience difficulty in breathing or symptoms of stroke. Older people are also prone to silent heart attack which is common. There are unrecognized heart attacks that can be experienced by older people aging between 75 to 84 years old. Other common manifestations of cardiovascular disease include palpitation, breathlessness and giddiness. If symptoms become worse, it is recommended that you seek immediate medical attention in order not to put your life in jeopardy.
Prevention and management
Lifestyle of the elderly plays an important role in order to prevent or manage heart disease. When a person gets old it is expected the lifestyle become sedentary. This result in a greater risk of developing the disease and because of old age, the immune system deteriorates making the condition more complicated. And one thing that would reverse this is for older people to engage in physical exercise which improves the cardiovascular system and lessen the risk of heart disease.
It is important that you know how to manage the risk factors so that you will not put your heart to further risk. Engage in an exercise program suitable for your age and condition. You can also join yoga classes as a holistic approach in maintaining good health. If you already have this heart condition, you need to regularly take your medication and seek doctor’s advice on how to effectively manage the disease. You need to look after your diet and as much as possible eat healthy foods which are good for the heart. Make a deliberate effort to quit your unhealthy habits like smoking and drinking alcohol if you want to take care of your heart.
Learn more about heart diseases at http://www.cme-internalmedicine.com/